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Civil War Strengths

So I found a great list of the strengths of both the North and South in the Civil War in my Barron's EZ-101 Study Keys: American History to 1877. If you happen to have the book, it's on pages 117-118. If not, here it is:

The North
- The North had a population advantage of 22 million to 9 million (and over 3 to 1 of white males of military age).
-Over 90% of the nation's manufacturing (including nearly all heavy industry) was located in the North.
-The North (and West) had diverse agriculture, which it was able to greatly expand.
-The North had a great edge in capital wealth (eve if the South's slaves were included).
-Transportation systems (notably railroads) were far superior.
-The North had nearly all the civilian shipping and most of the navy.
-A more nationalistic, centralized government structure was already in place. (Lincoln turned out to be a notably effective wartime leader.)

The South:
- Slaves (1/3 of the population) freed more whites to fight.
- A vast geographic area, familiar to its defenders, would presumably have to be invaded and conquered by the North.
- Cotton exports could pressure textile-manufacturing Britain to provide aid. 
-The South had strong military tradition.
-Many veteran military leaders (inclding Lee) remained loyal to the South (officers on both sides had served together in the Mexican War).
-The South was hampered by its commitment to states rights and localism ("excessive democracy?").

I think this list is ridiculously useful, no? I mean, an APUSH binder should really not go without it. However, I'm itching for a list of the negatives, and although I have an iffy one in my binder and could pull one together, it is too late for me to do that right now. So if someone finds a site that could make the eventual editing of this easier, please, link away. Or even if the info comes from you, I'll definitely give you credit (after I verify it of course). Aside from all that, the negatives are coming soon. 

Also, sorry for the spelling mistakes, but I'm too tired to correct them right now.



( 3 comments — Leave a comment )
Feb. 12th, 2008 03:26 am (UTC)
It's a good idea to closely study the causes of the Civil War for APUSH--it's a very important time in our history and really sets the skeleton for the path of Modern America that we know to-day. Here's some more back info (from the top of my head) that may help.

1820 - Compromise of 1820 (Missouri Compromise)
Establishes the Tradition of Balancing Slave States with Free States.
Establishes 36*30* in hopes of further evenly splitting the nation.
1850 - With the new lands from Mexico, we establish Texas, New Mexico, California, and (probably) Utah and Arizona.
- a harsher Fugitive Slave Act is enforced
- slave trade is repealed in District of Columbia
1854 - Bleeding Kansas
- Steven Douglas pushes for Popular Sovereignty in Kansas/Nebraska
- mini-Civil War breaks out in Kansas as slave holders rush the boarders in order to vote to bring slavery into Kansas--abolitionists fight back (Beecher's Bibles)
- John Brown massacres white men in the Osowatomie Creek Massacre
1857 - Dred Scottv. Sanford
- Judge Taney rules that blacks have no rights/citizenship
- more importantly he rules that Congress cannot enforce things like Missouri Compromise
1859 - John Brown raids Harper's Ferry in Virginia. Is captured by Lee and hung for crimes against Virginia. Thoroughly freaks out white people everywhere.
1860 - South Carolina is the first state to secede when Lincoln takes office.

We had to intensely study the Civil War for AcDec this year...
Feb. 12th, 2008 03:29 am (UTC)
Oh a major + for the South is that they did not have to win or even tie in the Civil War--they just had to defend themselves long enough for the North to get tired and give up (which almost happened in 1864).
A - for the South is that, especially as men went off to war, the South's remaining men had to further strain themselves in watching the slaves. Even though the South heavily relied on their slaves for food/clothing/labor, as more men went into the army, slaves had more of a chance to escape.
Apr. 23rd, 2008 10:05 pm (UTC)
Ah, thanks so much, I'll add this soon!!!

This is so awesome!!
( 3 comments — Leave a comment )